Halloween on the lush tree-lined streets of West 69th Street between Broadway and Central Park West could be Manhattan's most
mystical and intriguing event. The well-guarded annual celebration, host to thousands of trick-or-treaters, is shrouded in
secrecy among residents who keep mum for fear of attracting even more candy seeking goblins to the already wickedly mobbed
Practically overnight, rows of brownstones, many dating back to the 1890s, along with early 20th century apartment buildings,
transform themselves into haunted houses. Macabre corpses, dangling skeletons, swinging bats, giant spiders, decaying mummies,
witches in flight, red eyed demons, and other creepy ghouls sprout limbs from windows, hang from ledges, or spook you from
tall mature trees.
No one would ever guess the elaborate Halloween décor on most of the buildings, on what is the safest and largest Halloween
party for children of all ages, takes place on what was once an almost barren street.
Halloween on West 69th Street began in 1969 at a time when only six trees could be counted between Broadway and Central Park
West. Gentrification was spurred on by the construction of Lincoln Center during the 1960s. This lured young professionals
of the New York intelligentsia - teachers, writers, artists - into the area in their quest for affordable housing. However,
these new residents kept their children inside their apartments and away from the menace still found in pockets of the neighborhood.
One resident who has been on the block since 1964 said of the era: "It was a pretty rotten time for my kid to be growing up
on the block which was a desolate wasteland."
EARLY YEARS: Creation of the Block Association
One cloudy moonlight night, in the spring of 1969, after a would-be burglar was chased off the rooftop at 107 West 69th Street
by the police, robe-clad residents found themselves discussing the incident that shook them from their sleep.
The group of young artists and professions, scoffed at by their Upper East Side peers for choosing to live in a yet to be
sought after locale, came up with the idea of creating a Block Association before returning to their slumber on that frightful
The first President of the newly formed W69th Street Block Association was a young Cornell law student named Richard Gottfried
(elected to the New York State Assembly in 1970 - a post he still holds to this day). Needing a place for meetings, Gottfried
approached Christ and St. Stephen's Church, and enlisted the support of then rector Rev. Joseph Zorawick.
Father Zorawick graciously invited the group to use the church's undercroft as a meeting place. Without the assistance of
the Church it would have been nearly impossible to have our now famed Halloween celebrations, or any of the other wonderful
programs the Block Association has created throughout the years.
Halloween on West 69th Street
Gwen Verdon (then married to Bob Fosse) approached the newly formed Block Association for permission to bring her little girl,
Nicole, outside of their apartment building at 91 Central Park West to trick or treat on the block. West 69 Street had become,
in a relatively short time, a sort of Andy Griffith's Mayberry, with residents feeling they were living in a small town within
a big city.
The association agreed and many of the buildings eagerly participated. Some residents decorated their front stoops with pumpkins
while others spilled out onto the street with children and bags of candy in tow to partake of the festivities.
The image of little Nicole dressed as Lady Godiva with long blond cascading locks sitting on a white custom built carousel-type
horse with four men hoisting her off the ground still lingers on in the memory of many. But then, this was the little girl
of Broadway legends, and it was the perfect over the top moment that in many ways inspired the amazing unbroken Halloween
tradition of this most extraordinary block.
The spell spread quickly. Where at first there may have been 20 children who lived on the block in attendance, that number
more than doubled the following year when they invited their friends. Then it quadrupled the year after, and then it grew
exponentially when mothers from different parts of the city began bringing their children to the best-kept-secret-trick-or-treat
event on the Upper West Side.
At last count over 4,000 children with their parents and friends wearing wonderful costumes make the pilgrimage to the sweet
street of treats. But, shush, you didn't hear this from me.
A 1978 excerpt of the W69 St newsletter states:
"More than 500 children attended the Block Association's (1978) Halloween Party, and for the first time BOTH BLOCKS between
Central Park West and Broadway were closed to traffic."
During the early years there were costume parades and prizes for the little ones with the best costume. Everyone would meet
in front of St. Stephen's Church where princesses, goblins and superheroes with eager little fingers reached into an oversized
cauldron full of candy for their treats.
Once the streets became too packed and had to be closed to traffic, the parade gave way to crowds of people and children of
all ages, sizes, and ethnic backgrounds, making their way from one spooky building to another.
Volunteers in participating buildings hand out candy every year to a seemingly endless chorus of giggling children thrusting
out their hands yelling "trick-or-treat!"
Halloween Building Decorations
By the mid 1970s some of the buildings along West 69th Street decorated their front steps with carved pumpkins surrounded
by golden fall leaves. Others strung up lights up around the trees from where bats or spiders ominously lurked.
Among the first scary attractions was the infamous Spook Tunnel that had its beginnings in the alley of building #28. It then
moved to building #39 where the servant's entrance was transformed into its new "come in if you dare" facade. One long-term
resident said: "They screamed to go in and they screamed to come out. It scared them to death. It was wonderful."
Forty-five years later the decorations on some of the brownstones and buildings lining West 69th Street have morphed into
a magical Harry Potteresque-like world. To get all the work completed some people begin working either in their lobbies or
the exterior of their buildings by the middle of October to be ready in time for All Hallows Eve.
One family hires professional aerialists and entertainers. People still talk about Spiderman climbing in and out of windows
and rappelling down the front of their brownstone.
Halloween: An Unbroken Tradition
October 29, 2012 started ominously in New York City. President Obama issued an emergency declaration for New York as Hurricane
Sandy headed toward the city. Pre-storm surges had already caused severe flooding in some areas and the city shut down. Schools
were closed and even the subways stopped working as everyone hunkered down for the storm of the century.
The Block Association sent out an email to residents informing all that the police department had canceled the no parking
permit for Halloween, as officers would be needed elsewhere to assure the safety of New Yorkers. So, officially, Halloween
on West 69th Street was, for the first time, officially canceled.
However, some of the buildings were decorated and some residents still hoped to distribute candy to whoever might show up
at 6pm on Halloween.
Although the streets were not closed to traffic, over 2,000 people still arrived. The Auxiliary Police (who have helped with
crowd control for over three decades) didn't get word that Halloween had been canceled and so they showed up as well. Parents
who had been locked away at home with their children were incredibly grateful and thanked everyone profusely.
It is fascinating to note that Halloween on West 69th Street predates the Village's Halloween Parade which began in 1974.
Ours is also the only 2-block Halloween celebration anywhere that welcomes thousands of goblins, ghouls, cartoon characters,
super heroes and princesses clamoring at our doors - all of whom leave with smiles and candy and giddy and happy.
If we had a looking glass into 1969 to witness a gathering of robe clad residents huddled in front of 107 West 69th Street
at midnight talking about things that go bump in the night, we'd know there was magic in the air.